What is Lipid Profile Test Used For? And Normal Values
What is a Lipid Profile Test?
A Lipid profile test is a type of blood test that measures the levels of lipids in your blood. The tests can help show whether you have a higher risk of heart disease, which can happen if you have high levels of certain lipids in your blood.
This test is done to measure the levels of Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol, High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol, and Triglycerides. LDL cholesterol is often called “bad” cholesterol because it can build up on the walls of your arteries and form plaque. This build up can narrow your arteries and make it harder for blood to flow through them. HDL cholesterol is often called “good” cholesterol because it helps remove LDL cholesterol from your arteries.
Your doctor can use your lipid profile test results, along with other factors, to estimate your risk of heart disease and stroke. Higher lipid levels indicate a higher chance of heart disease or other critical health conditions. Treatment to lower your lipid levels may help reduce your risk.
Different Types of Lipid Profile Tests:
This is a simple blood test where a blood sample is collected from a vein in your arm, usually using a small needle. The blood will be sent to a lab for analysis. The results of the test will be reported in milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL).
There are different types of lipid profile tests. The most common tests measure:
Total Cholesterol: This is the amount of cholesterol in your blood.
HDL Cholesterol: Also referred to as ‘good cholesterol’ it helps in removing excess levels of cholesterol from the blood.
LDL Cholesterol: Also referred to as ‘bad cholesterol’ it gets accumulated in your arteries resulting in severe heart disease.
Lipid Profile Tests Normal Values:
In general, the following are considered normal values for lipid profile tests:
- Total cholesterol: less than 200 mg/dL
- HDL cholesterol: 60 mg/dL or higher
- LDL cholesterol: less than 100 mg/dL
- Triglycerides: less than 150 mg/dL
If your results are outside of the normal range, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes or medication to help lower your lipid levels.
Your doctor will interpret your results based on the guidelines from the National Cholesterol Education Program. These guidelines are based on your age, gender, and other risk factors. If your results are outside of the normal range, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes or medication to help lower your lipid levels.
Lipid profile testing is an important tool in helping to assess your risk of heart disease and stroke. If your Lipid test levels are high, you should consult a healthcare specialist who may help you reduce your risk.